When to harvest beets, and what yield can you expect?
In order for the beets to be stored as long as possible and remain as firm and tasty as if they were recently dug, you need not only to provide the plants with proper care, but also to choose the right time for harvesting the beets.
How do you know when it's time to dig up the beets?
It is worth hurrying up, starting harvesting work at the end of summer, and the result will be unripe root crops that have not had time to sufficiently accumulate nutrients. And if you don't think about the beets waiting for their turn in the garden for a long time, you can skip the first frosts and dig up frozen root crops that are already unsuitable for storage.
In either case, all efforts aimed at growing and caring for beets will be wasted - the bulk of the crop will be ruined. This is why it is so important to know exactly when to harvest the beets!
Video about harvesting beets
Even if you chose the best varieties of beets, carefully approached the sowing of seeds and carefully looked after the plantings during the entire growing season, just the wrong harvesting of red beets can lead to disastrous results. Therefore, since you have undertaken to grow beets, bring the business you started to the end according to all the rules, not relying on intuition alone.
To find out what is the best time to start harvesting beets, you can on the following grounds:
- root crops have reached a diameter corresponding to their variety;
- characteristic growths appeared on the beets;
- the lower foliage turned yellow, began to wither and dry out;
- according to forecasters, frosts are expected in the near future.
Beets should not be left in the ground, not only during the first frosts - prolonged rains are also a negative factor, since large roots begin to crack and rot due to the abundance of moisture. Therefore, you should not delay the harvesting of beets for a long time in a rainy autumn.
Since the harvesting dates for red beets change every year, it is impossible to give a definite date. In different regions, under different weather conditions, the beet harvest can be carried out from the beginning of September until November 1. In any case, try to harvest root crops in dry, sunny weather before a stable temperature of +5 degrees and before the ground freezes.
When to start harvesting beets, sugar and fodder beets?
The issue of timely harvesting applies to any variety of beets - whether it is the usual beet for gardeners grown for personal consumption, sugar beet cultivated for the production of sugar, or fodder beets intended for livestock feed. Regardless of the variety, beets dug out on time are stored much better, and this is of great importance both for large farms engaged in the cultivation of this crop and for ordinary summer residents.
The dates for harvesting beets of the listed species are approximately the same. The only difference is that the harvesting of sugar beets is sometimes deliberately started earlier or later than the due date by agreement with sugar factories, so that the beet raw materials are not wasted. But the timing of harvesting canteen beets can vary greatly in time depending on the variety - some early varieties reach technical ripeness within 50 days after they were planted in the beds. But they, as a rule, do not differ in high keeping quality, therefore, for long-term storage, gardeners additionally grow late varieties with ripening periods of more than 100 days.
Productivity of different types of beets
When cultivated on an industrial scale, the mass of root crops and the yield of beets per hectare largely depend on the timing of harvesting. In this regard, in the farms involved in the cultivation of beets, much attention is paid to the question of when to harvest the beets.
Video about the timing and features of harvesting beets
Average beet yields:
- Beetroot yields on average about 40-50 tons per hectare at a seeding rate of 16 kg to 20 kg per hectare. Provided that highly productive varieties are grown and drip irrigation is used, yields of up to 90 tons per hectare can be achieved.
- Sugar beet in Russia does not have a high yield: on average in Russia, it is possible to harvest approximately 18 tons per hectare, in the Krasnodar Territory and the Belgorod Region - up to 30 tons per hectare. And in a number of European countries and the United States, the average yield of sugar beets reaches 60 tons per hectare.
- The yield of fodder beets varies from 30 to 60 tons per hectare, the maximum recorded result is 172 tons per hectare. Moreover, from 60 tons of fodder beets, it is also possible to obtain about 30 centners of tops, which are also suitable for fodder for livestock.
In the aggregate, correct agricultural techniques, adherence to the timing of sowing beets and harvesting, as well as the use of fertilizers and modern biological products will help to achieve higher yields. But so far, beet harvests in Russia are only declining.
What is animal feed beet and can people eat it?
In livestock farms, fodder beets are a lifesaver in the winter. It contains many useful substances, and there are no restrictions on feeding animals. The cultivation is not difficult, and the yields are large.
- What is stern beet: description and photo
- Differences from sugar and table beets
- Advantages and disadvantages
- Chemical composition
- Application for cows, pigs and other animals
- Can people eat
- Varieties and yield per hectare
- Soil preparation
- Sowing and care
- Fertilizers: how to feed for the growth of root crops
- When to harvest crops from the garden for storage
- Diseases and pests, their prevention
Characteristics of Pablo beets
Pablo's beet is a hybrid. It is resistant to adverse weather conditions, as well as to common pests and diseases. That is why the variety can be cultivated in various regions of Russia - from the middle zone and the Krasnodar Territory to the Urals, Siberia and the Far East.
Ripening period and yield of Pablo beets
The variety belongs to the mid-season - roots are formed in 95-105 days after the mass emergence of the first shoots. The yield of Pablo beets reaches 6-7 kg per 1 m 2 (with industrial cultivation from 240 to 320 kg / ha).
The yield of the marketable product of Pablo beet is 90–96%
Fruits are stable, if stored properly, they retain their density and taste for 4–5 months. They are transportable, well tolerated over long distances. Therefore, Pablo's beets are grown both for personal consumption and for sale, as well as for processing. The purpose is universal - for use in different dishes and preparations.
The Pablo hybrid normally tolerates short-term frosts, although it is not frost-resistant. It is recommended to grow it in open, sunny areas.
In the spring before the secondary digging, we add 1 tbsp. l. phosphorus-potassium fertilizers, 1 tsp. urea, 1-2 g of boron, you can replace all this with 2 tbsp. l. complex fertilizer with microelements: Solution, Kemira-universal, Combi. For even distribution in the soil, mix them with 1 tbsp. dry coarse sand.
Into the sandy add sod land, 1 bucket of humus or compost, superphosphate and potassium, 1 tbsp. spoon for 1 sq. m. In heavy clay soils, in addition to the above, you should add 1 bucket of peat and ½ a bucket of sand or rotted sawdust. You can not bring fresh manure, compost under the beetsotherwise the beets will accumulate nitrates.
What is the difference from other types of beets
Beetroot differs from others in the following criteria:
- Colour. Root crops are painted in rich burgundy shades. The deciduous part is often also red (depending on the variety). The outer skin of vegetables is gray-brown or brown.
- The weight. The average weight ranges from 300 g to 1 kg.
- The form. Most root crops are spherical flat rather than tapered.
- The purpose of the application is food grade. The taste is sweetish, softer than other varieties.
Table varieties are distinguished by their high nutritional value.
Which variety should you choose?
How to choose the right beet variety
There is no one-size-fits-all answer, the best varieties may differ depending on region, soil type and climatic conditions. The best solution would be to look at the experience of successful farmers in your region. It is also necessary to take into account the purpose of cultivating table beets and choose certain varieties suitable for this purpose. And, of course, do not forget that there are fodder varieties of beets for growing beets for cattle feed, and sugar beets for processing into sugar, but this is a topic for a separate article.
Video - Choosing beet seeds
Video - Beets for storage
Beetroot is one of the most famous vegetables and has been known for a long time. To get a good harvest of these root crops suitable for winter storage, you need to choose the right varieties. There are quite a few varieties of beets and when choosing, you need to take into account that they are divided according to ripening times, adaptability to a particular climate, soil and other characteristics of the culture.
Only the best beets can be used to make delicious salads, soups, borscht, snacks, vinaigrette and pickles.
Beets are divided into 3 groups according to the ripening period, these are: early, medium, late.
Secrets of a quality harvest
Beets need constant access to oxygen to the rhizome. It is important to ensure that the top layer of the earth does not crust over. The soil is loosened 2-3 times per season. If this is not done, the plants will need to be watered much more frequently.
To organize constant watering around the perimeter of the garden, they dig in plastic bottles with a cut bottom and holes on the corks with the caps down and fill them with water. Moisture is gradually absorbed into the soil and will not allow the vegetable to dry out. Also use a spray bottle.
reference... If you have a tank and a narrow hose, you can make a simple drip irrigation system, which will systematically provide the beets with the required amount of moisture.
Ultraviolet light contributes to the proper development of a high-quality root crop. If the beets are planted in the shade, there will be no good harvest. If at an early stage of development, the crop is overgrown with weeds, the shoots will elongate, but they will be weak and may dry out completely.